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EU Elections, Baidu, Fake News, More: Friday Afternoon ResearchBuzz, May 17, 2019

Hey y’all! The latest Inside Google & Alphabet newsletter is available at https://inside.com/campaigns/inside-google-alphabet-2019-05-17-14327 . Remember, the newsletter comes out every weekday excepting holidays and it’s free! Sign up here: https://inside.com/google

NEW RESOURCES

European Interest: Votul Meu: A new tool lunched in Romania. “The Center for the Study of Democracy in Romania has launched the independent vote matching tool, Votul Meu, ahead of the European elections. The interactive tool aims to match political preferences between parties and potential voters for the European elections, based on political parties’ campaign messages.”

TWEAKS AND UPDATES

Washington Post: White House declines to back Christchurch call to stamp out online extremism amid free speech concerns. “The United States broke with 18 governments and five top American tech firms Wednesday by declining to endorse a New Zealand-led effort to curb extremism online, a response to the live-streamed shootings at two Christchurch mosques that killed 51. White House officials said free-speech concerns prevented them from formally signing onto the largest campaign to date targeting extremism online. But it was another example of the United States standing at odds to some its closest allies.”

Reuters: Baidu swings to net loss for first time since listing, shares fall. “Chinese search engine operator Baidu Inc booked its first quarterly loss since at listing in 2005 and forecast quarterly revenue below market estimates, saying a ‘challenging marketing environment’ is sapping income from advertisers.”

The Moscow Times: Russia to Set Up ‘Fake News Database’. “Alexander Zharov’s regulatory agency, known by the acronym Roskomnadzor, has successfully blocked LinkedIn in Russia and is currently engaged in a yearlong battle to ban access to the popular Telegram messaging app. Roskomnadzor has also ordered news websites to delete content under a Russian law that bans ‘blatant disrespect’ toward the authorities.”

USEFUL STUFF

Make Tech Easier: How to Create a Useful Daily Digest List with Google Assistant. “On its own, Google Assistant has an incredible amount of features that make your life more functional, but when you pair it with other programs, you increase its value exponentially. And that’s what we’re going to do here, provide those who are just a bit scattered with an even better way to make sure we accomplish those tasks.”

AROUND THE SEARCH AND SOCIAL MEDIA WORLD

Stuff NZ: Online advertising: NZ Government spends millions with Facebook, Google and other social media platforms. “Government departments have invested hundreds of millions in advertising on social media platforms in the past five years in order to reach the precise and captive audiences offered only in those online spaces. However, the ethics of public bodies capitalising on the algorithmic models offered by the likes of Facebook and Google is being called into question in a post-Christchurch terror attack world.”

Huffington Post: Bureau Of Land Management Scrubs Stewardship Language From News Releases . “The Bureau of Land Management, the federal agency that oversees more than 245 million acres of public land, has stripped its conservation-focused mission statement from agency news releases.”

The Journal of Interactive Technology and Pedagogy: “So You Want to Build a Digital Archive?” A Dialogue on Critical Digital Humanities Graduate Pedagogy. “This article presents conversations between an Assistant Professor and graduate student as they negotiate various methods and approaches to designing a digital archive. The authors describe their processes for deciding to develop a digital archive of street art in Kathmandu, Nepal through an anticolonial, feminist perspective that highlights community knowledge-making practices while also leveraging the affordances of digital representation. Written in the style of a dialogue, this article illustrates the various tensions and negotiations that interdisciplinary student-instructor teams may encounter when deciding how to design a digital archive through critical frameworks.”

RESEARCH & OPINION

The Verge: AI translation boosted eBay sales more than 10 percent. “We often hear that artificial intelligence is important for economic growth, and while that claim makes intuitive sense, there isn’t a lot of hard data to back it up. A recent study from economists at MIT and Washington University in St. Louis offers some proof, though, showing how AI tools boost trade by allowing sellers to cross the language barrier.”

Ars Technica: No, someone hasn’t cracked the code of the mysterious Voynich manuscript. “There are so many competing theories about what the Voynich manuscript is—most likely a compendium of herbal remedies and astrological readings, based on the bits reliably decoded thus far—and so many claims to have deciphered the text, that it’s practically its own subfield of medieval studies. Both professional and amateur cryptographers (including codebreakers in both World Wars) have pored over the text, hoping to crack the puzzle.” Good afternoon, Internet…

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Merry Christmas

NGS Announces Tom Jones Documentation Book at #NGS2017GEN

Mastering Genealogical Documentation by Thomas W. JonesToday marks the opening of the 2017 National Genealogical Society Conference. At the conference NGS is announcing Mastering Genealogical Documentation by Thomas W. Jones. Tom is considered one of the top educators in the genealogical community. He is a PhD, Certified Genealogist, Certified Genealogical Lecturer, Fellow of the American Society of Genealogists, Fellow of the National Genealogical Society, and Fellow of the Utah Genealogical Association. He is the author of Mastering Genealogical Proof, another in the NGS Special Topics Series.

According to NGS, “Mastering Genealogical Documentation teaches genealogists how to describe and cite their sources—including sources for which no model citation exists. … In this new step-by-step guidebook, Dr. Thomas W. Jones provides a foundation in the principles, logic, and decisions that underpin genealogical documentation. Exercises are provided at the end of each chapter (with answers at the back of the book) to reinforce concepts and provide opportunities for practice.”

You can order the book in the store on the NGS website.

It’s true that I’m prejudiced (I volunteer for the NGS), but I’m genuinely excited to get this book. I’ve attended Tom’s lectures on documentation at national institutes and they have been most helpful.

Speaking of the NGS Conference, it’s not too late to attend. You can register onsite. For more information, visit the National Genealogical Society Conference website.

Monday Genea-Pourri – 13 May 2019

Here are the highlights of my family history and genealogy related activities over the past week:

1)  Moderated the Chula Vista Genealogical Society Research Group on Wednesday with 12 in attendance.  Discussed my Forever experience, including my YouTube movies, the “Who Do You Think You Are?” show to be on NBC this year (when?), Finnish and Danish records on MyHeritage, and the SDGS meeting.  In the second hour, the attendees discussed their research challenges and successes.

2)  Attended the San Diego Genealogical Society meeting on Saturday.  In the first session, Anne Turhollow presented “Putting Flesh on the Bones: Newspaper Research.”  In the second second, I moderated one of the 13 Group discussion tables; mine was on “Colonial New England.”  There were four others in the group.  I provided an updated 4 page handout for reference purposes.  After the session, I talked for 15 minutes with Jenny Lynn, my Forever ambassador, who encouraged me to sign up for a Storage plan on Forever.

3)  I signed up for a Free 2 gb Storage plan on Forever on Saturday afternoon.  My movies were there, and I made several albums for my photographs, and I added photos to the Charles Auble Family album, and captioned them.  I may sign up later for the 10 gB plan so that future digitized movies and many more family photos can be added to my Forever account.

4)  I signed up for the 100 gB Google Drive plan because I was maxed out on the Free Google Drive plan.  On Saturday night, I added 30 gB of my Genealogy files to Google Drive.  


6)  Wrote and posted a biography of 6th great-grandfather #454 Johann Leonhard Nachbar (1698-1766) of Germany and New Jersey for my 52 Ancestors post on Friday.  


7)  Watched one DNA Central Webinar – “So You Wanna Be a Search Angel” by McKell KeeneyExcellent webinar (behind paywall), with description of tools to solve adoption and other thorny problems, and a cast study. 

8)  Participated in today’s Mondays With Myrt on Zoom (which will go on YouTube later).  Today’s webinar discussed Pat Kuhn’s granddaughter’s wedding, Hilary’s nephew’s wedding in England, an article about genealogy blogs in an English magazine, use of social media vs. blogs, and why fewer people are blogging; use of YouTube; the 150th anniversary of the “golden spike” on transcontinental railroad in Utah; Liv highlighted the Oslo 1798 interactive video; use of Flickr to store photos; I showed my 2014 Flickr album of Myrt’s RootsTech after-party.

9) There were several sessions working in the RootsMagic software program to update FamilySearch Family Tree profiles for Seaver families and other ancestral families, with occasional additions to the RootsMagic profiles. I have matched 30,855 of my RootsMagic persons with FSFT.

10)  I continue to use Web Hints and Record Matches from Ancestry, MyHeritage, Findmypast and FamilySearch to add content and sources to my RootsMagic profiles.  I now have 53,610 persons in my RootsMagic file, and 104,627 source citations.   I TreeShared once this week updating 111 profiles, and I resolved about 763 Ancestry Hints.  I’ve fallen behind on the Ancestry Record Hints with 109,839 to be resolved, but I work on them weekly.

11) Wrote 18 Genea-Musings blog posts last week, of which one was a press release.  The most popular post last week was 
Where Are the Morris County, New Jersey Probate Records in the Family History Library Catalog – UPDATED with over 505 views.

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Family History Library to Add Sunday and Longer Monday Hours to Schedule

The following announcement was written by FamilySearch:

The FamilySearch Family History Library, one of Salt Lake City’s top attractions and the world’s largest genealogy library, will extend its hours of operation beginning Sunday, June 2, 2019. For the first time, the main floor of the library, including the FamilySearch Discovery Experiences, will be open on Sundays, from 1:00 to 5:00 p.m., and extended to 9:00 p.m. on Mondays. Regular library hours will be Monday through Saturday from 8:00 a.m. to 9:00 p.m. The library is free to the public.

The addition of Sunday hours and extended Monday hours will allow more individuals and families to take advantage of the library’s rich, fun, and interactive discovery activities. On Sundays, services will be limited to the main floor of the library, with its immersive, interactive discovery experiences and 68 computers that provide free access to premium family history websites and digital collections. Guest support will be provided by a research specialist and local consultants. On Monday through Saturday, the library will be fully staffed and will continue to offer full services on all floors.

“Family history is a family activity,” explained David Rencher, the director of the Family History Library. “We are excited to extend our hours so that families can better connect, discover, and gather their families—both living and dead.”

Through fun, hands-on activities, the 10,000 square feet of discovery experiences at the Family History Library provide people of all ages a personal way to explore and experience their heritage. The attraction offers more than 100 custom iPads, 44 touch-screen monitors, and 42 computers. Six recording studios enable guests to create free, high-definition audio and video recordings of family members and preserve treasured memories for future generations.

The library serves hundreds of thousands of guests yearly from all parts of the world. They come specifically seeking elusive ancestors in the family tree or are merely curious to see what they can discover about themselves while passing through Salt Lake City. In addition to free access to the world’s historical genealogical records, the library also offers free family history classes and webinars on various topics and accommodates field trips, bus tours, and group events.

“We are always looking at ways to make our amazing resources more accessible to our guests and to make their visit to the library more inviting and welcoming,” said Lynn Turner, a manager at the Family History Library.

The Family History Library is located at 35 North West Temple Street in downtown Salt Lake City, west of Historic Temple Square. The phone number is 1-801-240-6996.

About FamilySearch

FamilySearch International is the largest genealogy organization in the world. FamilySearch is a nonprofit, volunteer-driven organization sponsored by The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints. Millions of people use FamilySearch records, resources, and services to learn more about their family history. To help in this great pursuit, FamilySearch and its predecessors have been actively gathering, preserving, and sharing genealogical records worldwide for over 100 years. Patrons may access FamilySearch services and resources free online at FamilySearch.org or through over 5,000 family history centers in 129 countries, including the main Family History Library in Salt Lake City, Utah.

Plus Edition Newsletter Has Been Sent

To all Plus Edition subscribers:

A notice of the latest EOGN Plus Edition newsletter was sent to you a few minutes ago. Here are the articles in this week’s Plus Edition newsletter:

(+) What is the Purpose of a Genealogy Program?

Ancestry.com is under Fire as new DNA Algorithm Drastically Changes the Ethnicity of Some Users

Follow-up: Ancestry.com is under Fire as new DNA Algorithm Drastically Changes the Ethnicity of Some Users

See Long Hidden Historic Photos of the Gritty, Compelling Lives of Tough Maine Fishermen

Archival Grant Opportunity: Historical and Archival Records Care Grants in Pennsylvania

Churchyards become Lawns in Sweden as Tombstones are typically Removed after 25 Years

Multnomah County (Oregon) Estates, Wills and Guardianship Abstracts 1852-1901, 1904, 1908 are Available from the Genealogical Forum of Oregon

New Free Historical Records on FamilySearch: Week of April 29, 2019

New Records Available To Search This Findmypast Friday

Donn Devine, R.I.P.

Prediction: The Dead Will Take Over Facebook in the Next 50 Years

Press Release: New Records Reveal Those Imprisoned for Debt in England

Press Release: SLIG Announces New Scholarship Opportunities

Press Release: The Genealogy Squad Facebook Group Announced

Leonardo’s Hair to be DNA Tested

American Ancestors and New England Historic Genealogical Society Present Lifetime Achievement Award to Dan Rather

A Genealogy Cartoon about Queen Victoria and Her Relatives

It is the First Day of the Month: Back Up Your Genealogy Files

Recent Updates to the Calendar of Genealogy Events

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To all non-subscribers:

If you would like to read this week’s Plus Edition newsletter, you can sign up for a subscription by looking at the menus to the right and clicking on “Subscribe to or Renew the Plus Edition Newsletter.” Once you subscribe, you will be given immediate access to the Plus Edition web site and will be able to read the latest Plus Edition newsletter, along with the two previous weekly Plus Edition editions.

If you have any questions, please feel free to contact Dick Eastman at https://blog.eogn.com/contact-dick-eastman.

“All the strength and beauty of the antithesis”

Yesterday I quoted “Bradshaw’s Epitaph” as first printed in December 1775. No American politician liked its final line—“Rebellion to tyrants is obedience to God”—more than Thomas Jefferson.

In late 1776, that statement was one of two possible mottoes that Jefferson proposed for the independent state of Virginia. As governor of Virginia in 1780, he had it engraved on a medal to be shared with Native American allies.

(The other possible motto was “Rex est qui regem non habet,” words from a Latin satire by the Dutch scholar and statesman Janus Dousa. I think for Jefferson that translated into “Whoever doesn’t have a king over him is a king.”)

Jefferson also had the “Rebellion to tyrants” line engraved on one of his personal seals, shown here, courtesy of Monticello. He was using this seal on his letters by 1790.

In an 1823 letter discussing the value of bending grammatical rules for the sake of style, Jefferson wrote:

to explain my meaning by an English example, I will quote the motto of one, I believe, of the regicides of Charles I. ‘Rebellion to tyrants is obedience to God.’ correct it’s syntax ‘Rebellion against tyrants is obedience to God,’ it has lost all the strength and beauty of the antithesis.

Jefferson famously died on 4 July 1826. Two years later, Nicholas Philip Trist, a grandson-in-law, went through his papers at Monticello researching a legal question. Trist later wrote a memo about what he had found, quoted by Henry S. Randall in his 1858 Life of Thomas Jefferson. Here’s the relevant bit:

It occurred to me to ascertain what might be the contents of a little trunk, evidently very old, which, on visiting a closet over the alcove containing his bed, I had noticed among the many old things collected there. Ascending once more the steep step-ladder which led to this omnium gatherum, I raised the lid of that little trunk, upon which lay a thickness of dust, indicating that it had not turned upon its hinges for a long period. It was filled with papers—law papers almost exclusively. . . .

The bundles were, of course, all examined by me—the tape around them giving way in the act of untying it. In one I found the epitaph of John Bradshaw; and, in its company, copies of several letters bearing date years before the earliest of those contained among his papers as arranged by himself, which, to the best of my recollection, began in 1779. Among them was one to his old preceptor Dr. [William] Small, two to John Randolph, and one to Dr. Franklin; the three former written in 1775, the last in 1777. . . . These MSS. were in Mr. Jefferson’s hand-writing of that period; the most beautiful, to my taste, I have ever seen.

The page also included a note at the bottom, “evidently a remark by Mr. J. himself,” Trist wrote:

From many circumstances, there is reason to believe there does not exist any such inscription as the above, and that it was written by Dr. Franklin, in whose hands it was first seen.

Wait. So the whole epitaph was a hoax by Benjamin Franklin?

TOMORROW: What did Jefferson really think of “Bradshaw’s Epitaph”?

New Free Historical Records on FamilySearch: Week of April 29, 2019

The following announcement was written by the folks at FamilySearch:

FamilySearch added new, free, historical records this week from Colombia, France, Italy, New Zealand, Peru, and the United States, including Florida, Georgia, Iowa, Michigan, Missouri, North Carolina, Utah, Virginia, and Wyoming.

Search these new records and images by clicking on the collection links below, or go to FamilySearch to search over 8 billion free names and record images.

Country

Collection

Indexed Records

Digital Images

Comments

Colombia

Colombia, Catholic Church Records, 1576-2018

0

103,792

Added images to an existing collection

France

France, Calvados, Military Registration Cards, 1867-1921

3,651

0

Added indexed records to an existing collection

Italy

Italy, Pesaro e Urbino, Urbino, Civil Registration (State Archive), 1866-1942

5,691

0

Added indexed records to an existing collection

New Zealand

New Zealand, Cemetery Transcriptions, 1840-1981

11,374

0

Added indexed records to an existing collection

Peru

Peru, Áncash, Civil Registration, 1888-2005

195,778

0

Added indexed records to an existing collection

United States

Florida, World War I Navy Card Roster, 1917-1920

137

0

Added indexed records to an existing collection

United States

Georgia Deaths, 1928-1942

1,510

0

Added indexed records to an existing collection

United States

Iowa, Death Records, 1904-1951

11,739

0

Added indexed records to an existing collection

United States

Michigan, Census of World War I Veterans with Card Index, 1917-1919

277,245

0

New indexed records collection

United States

Missouri, County Marriage, Naturalization, and Court Records, 1800-1991

0

623

Added images to an existing collection

United States

Montana, Granite County Records, 1865-2009

13

0

Added indexed records to an existing collection

United States

North Carolina, County Divorce Records, 1926-1975

187

0

Added indexed records to an existing collection

United States

Utah, World War I County Draft Board Registers, Name Index, 1917-1918

137,805

0

New indexed records collection

United States

Utah, World War I Service Questionnaires, 1914-1918

6,496

0

New indexed records collection

United States

Virginia, Petersburg, Gillfield Baptist Church Record, 1827-1906

168

0

Added indexed records to an existing collection

United States

Wyoming, Reclaim the Records, State Archives Vital Records, 1908-1966

297,595

0

New indexed records collection

About FamilySearch

FamilySearch International is the largest genealogy organization in the world. FamilySearch is a nonprofit, volunteer-driven organization sponsored by The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints. Millions of people use FamilySearch records, resources, and services to learn more about their family history. To help in this great pursuit, FamilySearch and its predecessors have been actively gathering, preserving, and sharing genealogical records worldwide for over 100 years. Patrons may access FamilySearch services and resources free online at FamilySearch.org or through over 5,000 family history centers in 129 countries, including the main Family History Library in Salt Lake City, Utah.

Google My Business, Vimeo, Podcast Clips, More: Tuesday Afternoon ResearchBuzz, April 30, 2019

TWEAKS AND UPDATES

Search Engine Journal: Google My Business May Offer Premium Features for a Monthly Fee . “Google is sending out surveys to gauge peoples’ interest in paying for access to premium Google My Business features.”

The Verge: Vimeo’s new feature will allow creators to create Smart TV channels. “Vimeo announced (via TubeFilter) that it is releasing a new toolkit called Showcases that will allow creators to show off their videos, including customizable portfolio sites and Smart TV channels.”

USEFUL STUFF

Engadget: Overcast can create clips from any public podcast. “It can be a headache to share a favorite podcast moment with your friends. Unless you’re willing to dive into the file with a media editor, you’ll usually have to share the whole episode and make a note of the time. Overcast, however, might have just made sharing relatively trivial.”

BetaNews: Free test checks website security and PCI DSS compliance. “Good website security is essential to give customers confidence in your business, but for smaller organizations testing can prove difficult. To address this issue, security testing and risk rating company ImmuniWeb is launching a free website security test that can be used by anyone.”

AROUND THE SEARCH AND SOCIAL MEDIA WORLD

PR Newswire: Anonymous Social Media Network Gabble Adds a New Twist to Social Discussions (PRESS RELEASE). “A twist on social media discussion boards has been launched with the Gabble website and smart phone app… Gabble allows users to connect and interact with their existing Facebook friends, but in anonymity. The concept evolved from the interest in friends and colleagues to be able to discuss sensitive topics without the fear of embarrassment or even potential backlash. ”

SECURITY & LEGAL

CBR Online: Docker Hacked: 190,000 Accounts Breached. “Docker, the company behind an open platform for building and running distributed applications, said on Friday that hackers had breached one of its databases, potentially giving them access to sensitive source code on the external repositories of up to 190,000 different customers.”

CNET: Cloud database removed after exposing details on 80 million US households. “In a blow to consumers’ privacy, the addresses and demographic details of more than 80 million US households were exposed on an unsecured database stored on the cloud, independent security researchers have found. The details included names, ages and genders as well as income levels and marital status. The researchers, led by Noam Rotem and Ran Locar, were unable to identify the owner of the database, which until Monday was online and required no password to access. Some of the information was coded, like gender, marital status and income level. Names, ages and addresses were not coded.”

Yahoo Finance: U.S. Supreme Court seeks Trump administration views on Google-Oracle copyright feud. “The U.S. Supreme Court on Monday asked the Trump administration to offer its views on whether it should hear Google’s bid to end Oracle Corp’s copyright infringement lawsuit involving the Android operating system that runs most of the world’s smartphones. The justices are considering whether to take up Google’s appeal of a lower court ruling reviving the lawsuit. Oracle has sought about $9 billion in damages.”

RESEARCH & OPINION

MIT News: Better email automation . “YouPS, which is still in a testing phase, lets users write more specific filter rules for incoming emails. Users can add multiple editor tabs, each related to a separate email mode, and they can also write different rules for each mode, so that their inbox behaves differently depending on the current one. You might not want emails from a campus mailing list during a summer vacation, for example, or you might want the option of muting a pesky emailer who sent too many messages within a short period of time.”

Tom’s Guide: If Facebook Wants Our Trust, Mark Zuckerberg Must Resign. “Type ‘Facebook privacy scandal’ into your search engine of choice, and don’t be surprised if you’re prompted to be a little more specific. Incidents where Facebook was too cavalier with user data stretch back years, and while the particulars change from scandal to scandal, the one constant is the guy sitting in the CEO chair.” Good afternoon, Internet…

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The First British Officer Killed in the Revolutionary War

When provincial militia companies fired at the British soldiers holding the North Bridge in Concord, they wounded four army officers:

Unable to march back to Boston, Gould commandeered a chaise in Concord and set out with Hull, who seems to have been more badly hurt. They raced back to safe ground through the hostile countryside.

Somewhere east of Lexington, the lieutenants met up with Col. Percy and the British relief column. Gould briefed the colonel about what had happened in Concord and drove on. But by the time the chaise reached Meontomy, the provincial militia was out in force.

Someone fired at the vehicle, wounding Hull again. Gould surrendered and was taken to Medford. Hull was carried into a deserted house beside the road. When the homeowners, Samuel and Elizabeth Butterfield, returned at the end of the day, they found a provincial man, Daniel Hemenway, shot in the chest but relatively healthy, and Lt. Hull, grievously wounded.

The next day, the Rev. David McClure had been in the Butterfields’ house. He wrote:

I went into a house in Menotomy, where was a stout farmer, walking the room, from whose side a surgeon had just cut out a musket ball . . .

In the same room, lay mortally wounded, a british Officer, Lieut. Hull, a youthful, fair & delicate countinance. He was of a respectable family of fortune, in Scotland. Sitting on one feather bed, he leaned on another, & was attempting to suck the juice of an Orange, which some neighbour had brought. The physician of the place had been to dress his wounds, & a woman was appointed to attend him. His breaches were bloody, lying on the bed. . . .

I asked him, if he was dangerously wounded? he replied, “yes, mortally.” That he had received three balls in his body. His countenance expressed great bodily anguish. I conversed with him a short time, on the prospect of death & a preperation for that solemn scene, to which he appeared to pay serious attention.

A rumor about Hull’s captivity circulated among his fellow officers in Boston, as recorded by Lt. Frederick Mackenzie on 30 April:

Lt. Hull of the 43rd Regiment who was dangerously wounded on the 19th Instant, was left in a house in the Village of Menotomy. ’Tis said the Rebels placed three deserters from the 43rd Regt over him while he lay on a bed unable to move, and that one of those Villains threatened to shoot him for having formerly brought him to a Court Martial.

There’s no hint of such treatment in provincial sources. The head of the Massachusetts Committee of Safety, Dr. Joseph Warren, had written to Gen. Thomas Gage assuring him that Hull and Gould were getting medical care. He invited the general to send out any British army surgeon he chose.

In Igniting the American Revolution, Derek W. Beck writes that toward the end of the month, as Hull weakened, Warren sent Gage another note saying that the lieutenant hoped to see his regimental adjutant. That was Lt. William Miller; he was promoted to captain at the end of the year and was still at that rank when he died in 1789.

Hull died on 2 May. The next day, Gen. Artemas Ward ordered three lieutenants and three adjutants to escort the lieutenant’s coffin to Charlestown and turn it over to the British military. A barge from H.M.S. Somerset carried it across the Charles River to Boston.

On 4 May Lt. John Barker of the 4th Regiment wrote in his diary:

The late Lt. Hull of the 43d was buried today: he was wounded and taken Prisoner on the 19th and the day before yesterday died of his wounds; they yesterday brought him to town as he had requested it.

They won’t give up any of their Prisoners, but I hear they treat ’em pretty well.

(The photo above shows the monument to two British privates killed and buried near the North Bridge in Concord. We don’t know where Lt. Hull’s body was interred.)