My Kindle Books


Monthly Archives:

The Massachusetts Council Investigates Itself

Yesterday we left off as provincial secretary Andrew Oliver’s sworn statement about what members of the Massachusetts Council had said on the day after the Boston Massacre made its way back to Massachusetts.

That statement was the final item in A Fair Account of the Late Unhappy Disturbance at Boston, published in London. Capt. James Scott, who worked for John Hancock, carried a copy of that pamphlet to Boston. Edes and Gill printed Oliver’s deposition without comment in the 24 September Boston Gazette.

The Whigs quickly leapt to the conclusion that Oliver’s description of the 6 March Council meeting was the latest move by royal appointees to misrepresent the province as rebellious.

And in a way they were right—the statement and its publication were part of a campaign by high officials. As Lt. Gov. Thomas Hutchinson later wrote (modestly referring to himself in the third person), they wanted to be sure the London government understood what they were dealing with:

he asked the secretary to recollect, as well as he could, what passed in the debate at council, and to commit it to writing, intending to send it to England, to shew in the fullest manner the reasons for the lieutenant governor’s complying with their advice, and not with any intention to set the council in general or any particular member, in an unfavourable light.

The secretary informed him, that, of his own mere motion, and for his private satisfaction, he had done it the evening before, while the debates were fresh in his mind.

After he had transcribed and corrected the minutes, he made oath to them; and they were transmitted at the same time with the copies of the votes or minutes of council, and other papers relative to the transaction, not to the secretary of state, but to governor [Francis] Bernard, who, at that time, continued governor of the province.

Oliver (shown above) made his oath before justice of the peace Foster Hutchinson, the acting governor’s cousin. 

Soon after the pamphlet arrived, the Massachusetts General Court started a new legislative session in Cambridge, with the Council meeting in Harvard’s Philosophy Chamber. On 4 October, the Council took up Oliver’s statement:

ONE of the Members of the Board having acquainted the Board that he had seen a Deposition signed Andrew Oliver, which was published in the Appendix to a Pamphlet lately printed in London; in which Deposition divers Gentlemen of the Council, which consisted of 8 Members then present, therein said to be convened on the 5th Day of March last, are represented as having made such a Declaration to His Honor the Lieutenant-Governor, respecting a plan formed by the People to remove the King’s Troops and the Commissioners of the Customs from the Town of Boston, as was likely to be attended with the most pernicious Consequences to this Province—He thereupon moved that the Board would make Enquiry of the Gentlemen of which said Council consisted, what Foundation there was for such a representation—

Which motion being seconded, the Board desired said Gentlemen, namely, Mr. [Samuel] Danforth, Mr. [John] Erving, Mr. [Thomas] Hubbard, Mr. [Harrison] Gray, Mr. [James] Russell, Mr. [Royall] Tyler, Mr. [James] Pitts, and Mr. [Samuel] Dexter, to prepare a true State of the Matter and lay the same before the Board as soon as may be.

Those were the eight Council members present at the 6 March meeting. Oliver had named five of them in his account. (To be exact, he had named three and referred to two more by title, and the London pamphlet had helpfully identified them in footnotes.)

The next day, Oliver asked for a chance to respond and to call witnesses to support his account of the discussion. The Council therefore accepted evidence on 9 October from Capt. Benjamin Caldwell of H.M.S. Rose, Lt. Col. William Dalrymple of the 14th Regiment, deputy secretary John Cotton, and clerk Francis Skinner.

All those witnesses basically agreed with Oliver’s description of what Royall Tyler had said about the town and countryside being angry enough to attack the troops if the governor didn’t remove them, and to drive the Customs Commissioners out of Boston as well. They also agreed that no other members of the Council had objected to Tyler’s statement.

Councilors bore down on Cotton and Skinner about one important detail. When Tyler said of the Whigs, “they had formed their plan, and that this was a part of it to remove the troops out of town, and after that the commissioners,” did he let slip news of a plan predating the Massacre? No, said those provincial employees; they didn’t think Tyler’s mention of a ”plan” on 6 March necessarily referred to any planning more than a day old.

TOMORROW: The Councilors’ contentions.

Peculiar Codes in the 1939 Register

Sample from the 1939 Register


The National Registration Act 1939 was an Act of Parliament in the UK. The act established the National Register which began operating on 29 Sept 1939 (National Registration Day), a system of identity cards, and a requirement they must be produced on demand or presented to a police station within 48 hours. (Wikipedia The National Archives (UK)  holds the originals explains the “Register is available to search and view on their partner sites (charges apply) and (charges apply).”  

Deciphering a specific set of annotation codes was answered by Audrey Collins, TNA Records Specialist – Family History and are listed below with her express written permission.

Re: A strike through in the original name, and a new surname written in red ink with the following codes: NR230 2/7/47 AIA
NR230 is the code for a change of name other than by marriage. AIA is likely to be the area code where the change was recorded – a different set of area codes was adopted later, but in 1947 the original area codes were still used, so AIA would be Hackney.
Concerning the lack of a list for researchers to decipher such entries in the future, Audrey writes “We know what some of the codes mean, they are often the serial numbers of forms used to notify changes. But there is no definitive list, because there were so many changes made over the 50 years the register was in use. The information I have found comes from a a selection of memos, circulars and sample forms, and there are still plenty that I haven’t found. I may add some to the 1939 Register guide, but I need to be confident I am giving correct information.”

There was follow-on question concerning the publication of name changes in The Gazette, to which Audrey replies “It’s always worth a look, but informal changes of name were also allowed, and the National Registration authorities were fairly relaxed about it. For example, they had no problem with a woman using the surname of the man she lived with, even if they weren’t married.”
IMAGE: Our sample (shown above) is from Dorset, Poole MB, Enumeration District WKFG show annotations in green ink. in database ID 61596

Useful Links

FindMyPast – 1939 Register
TNA (The National Archives – UK)
NOTE: The 1939 register is also available at and
Happy family tree climbing!
Myrt     🙂
Your friend in genealogy
Twitter: @DearMYRTLE

Second Life: Clarise Beaumont

Wednesday CoronaBuzz, December 23, 2020: 27 pointers to updates, useful stuff, research news, and more.

Nine month anniversary of doing this and my hair looks sillier every day. Please wear a mask. Wash your hands. Stay at home if you can. Please be careful. I love you.


University of Minnesota: New online tool shows how small group gatherings can increase COVID-19 infections in MN. “When it comes to COVID-19, it can be difficult to see how small group gatherings can lead to an increase of cases across the state. Most people aren’t educated in infectious disease dynamics and hardly anyone alive has lived through a pandemic. To make the concept easier to understand, Associate Professor Eva Enns created an online tool to demonstrate how individual social gatherings can accumulate to significantly raise the number of new COVID-19 infections and hospitalizations occurring state-wide.” It looks like it could work for anywhere; there are two Minnesota-specific data points but you can change them on the “Model Inputs” tab of the tool.


Oil City News: UW: Covid Situation ‘improved’ Across Much Of Wyoming, Including Natrona. “The University of Wyoming are offering a new interactive COVID-19 dashboard that aims to give the public a new tool for monitoring data surrounding the pandemic in a way that is ‘tailored for rural areas.’”

Deadline: L.A. County Coronavirus Update: Mayor Eric Garcetti Announces New Interactive Covid Map, Responds To Congress’ New Stimulus Check. “On Monday Garcetti unveiled a new interactive map of Los Angeles that would provide Angelenos will real time information about infection rates and deaths in varying neighborhoods. In addition to visualizing real-time information about the coronavirus ins Los Angeles, the new map also features quick access to Covid-19 test registration.”


Mental Floss: Doctor’s 60-Second Trick Makes Any Face Mask Fit Better. “As face masks have become part of daily life, people have come up with innovative ways to make them more comfortable and effective. There are tricks for masking up without hurting your ears, fogging up your glasses, or breaking out. This new tip from Olivia Cuid, M.D. could be the key to making large masks fit better around your face.”


VentureBeat: Studies reveal verified social media users are fueling COVID-19 fake news. “In their survey, between January 1 and October 31, the IU and Politecnico researchers canvassed over 53 million tweets and more than 37 million Facebook posts across 140,000 pages and groups. They identified close to a million low-credibility links that were shared on both Facebook and Twitter, but bots alone weren’t responsible for the spread of misinformation. Rather, aside from the first few months of the pandemic, the primary sources of low-credibility information tended to be high-profile, official, and verified accounts, according to the coauthors. Verified accounts made up almost 40% of the number of retweets on Twitter and almost 70% of reshares on Facebook.”

WRAL: Fact check: Social media mixes up COVID relief, omnibus bills. “On Dec. 21, lawmakers in both chambers of Congress passed a $2.3 trillion spending package: a roughly $1.4 trillion omnibus spending bill — consisting of 12 different bills to fund the government during fiscal year 2021 — and a separate, approximately $900 billion bill specifically for COVID-19 relief. Lawmakers also passed several other smaller bills. It’s the $1.4 trillion part of the package that included funding for U.S. policies and priorities within the country and abroad. The Facebook post conflates provisions of the COVID-19 relief bill with provisions in the omnibus spending bill.”


American Independent: The pandemic has been great for the super-rich. “The 651 billionaires in the United States have seen their collective wealth grow by $1 trillion since the COVID-19 pandemic began in March, according to a new study…That’s enough money to be able to send a $3,000 stimulus check to every single person in the country.”

Washington Post: A rural S.D. community ignored the virus for months. Then people started dying.. “In a state where the Republican governor, Kristi L. Noem, has defied calls for a statewide mask mandate even as cases hit record levels, many in this rural community an hour west of Sioux Falls ignored the virus for months, not bothering with masks or social distancing. Restaurants were packed. Big weddings and funerals went on as planned. Then people started dying.”


AL .com: UAB asks retired nurses to help fight pandemic as staffing levels wane. “[University of Alabama at Birmingham Hospital] is calling on retired nurses and nursing students to join its pandemic efforts as the hospital faces staffing shortages and COVID-19 hospitalizations rise.”


New York Times: Will Art Lovers Open Their Wallets for Online Tours?. “Since the National Gallery’s blockbuster ‘Artemisia’ exhibition opened in October, art lovers have had to jump through hoops to see it. Travel restrictions have kept international visitors away, the fear of catching the coronavirus hangs over the city’s public transportation system, and rolling lockdowns — or the threat of them — have made life in England uncertain. The latest national shutdown closed the museum entirely from Nov. 5 to Dec. 2. If those circumstances make a visit to London sound unappealing, there is an alternative: a ‘virtual tour’ of the show on the museum’s website.”


Los Angeles Times: Shaken studios. Empty theaters. What Hollywood lost during the pandemic. “The Spanish flu of 1918 helped spur the creation of the Hollywood studio system under moguls such as Paramount Pictures co-founder Adolph Zukor, who took the opportunity to buy up failing theaters. Hollywood is experiencing another massive disruption today as a result of the COVID-19 pandemic. Titans of the entertainment and media business posted huge losses, with more pain to come. Industry-rattling trends that were expected to play out over multiple years — including the shift of movies from theaters to streaming services — have instead happened over the course of a few months.”

Chattanooga Times Free Press: Coronavirus takes toll on Black, Latino child care providers. “Policy experts say the U.S. spends a small fraction of federal funds on child care compared to other industrialized nations, an underfunding exacerbated by COVID-19. Soon nearly half of the child care centers in the U.S. may be lost, according to the Center for American Progress.”


Washington Post: Maryland jurisdictions announce tougher coronavirus restrictions as region’s caseloads surge. “Leaders of Maryland’s most populous jurisdictions pushed for unified shutdowns Wednesday to curb the surging coronavirus as some reimposed the toughest restrictions since the spring. Montgomery County Executive Marc Elrich (D) proposed banning all indoor dining, hours after Baltimore City forbade any dining at restaurants, indoors or outdoors. The city’s new protocols are the strictest in Maryland since shutdowns during the first wave of infections.”

KDKA: Pa. Dept. Of Health Launches New Digital Tool To Help Contact Tracers. “The Pennsylvania Department of Health announced new technology designed to help slow the spread of coronavirus across the Commonwealth. The Connect and Protect form is a type of digital case investigation designed to make the contact tracing process much faster.”


BBC: Covid: France rewards frontline immigrant workers with citizenship. “Hundreds of immigrants in France working on the coronavirus frontline have had their service to the country recognised with fast-track citizenship. The interior ministry invited residents helping with efforts against Covid-19 to apply for accelerated naturalisation. More than 700 have already been granted citizenship or are in the final stages of receiving it.”


New York Times: 18 Days After Giving Birth, Woman Dies From Covid-19. “Erika Becerra was eight months pregnant when she learned she had tested positive for the coronavirus. Almost immediately after she got the result, her body began aching, she developed a fever and she felt tightness in her chest. When she began having trouble breathing, her husband called for an ambulance. Three days later, on Nov. 15, she gave birth in a Detroit hospital to a healthy boy, Diego. She never got to hold him, her brother told KCBS-TV in Los Angeles.”


ProPublica: The Pandemic Hasn’t Stopped This School District From Suing Parents Over Unpaid Textbook Fees. “When the pandemic started, several school districts in Indiana halted a long-standing practice: suing families for unpaid textbook fees. But one school district has filed nearly 300 lawsuits against parents, and others also have returned to court.”


BBC: UK has two cases of variant linked to South Africa. “The UK has detected two cases of another new variant of coronavirus, the health secretary Matt Hancock says. The cases in London and north west England are contacts of people who travelled to South Africa, where the variant was discovered. Travel restrictions with South Africa have been imposed.”

Los Angeles Times: COVID-19 hit Latinos hard. Now officials must build trust around vaccine in the community. “Dr. Anthony Fauci, the nation’s top infectious-disease expert, has warned that the pandemic will continue to disrupt lives unless the ‘overwhelming majority’ of Americans get vaccinated. While the process of creating vaccines has happened with extraordinary speed, he said, it has not been ‘at the expense of safety and scientific integrity.’ But as states plan for vaccine distribution, an all-too-important question has arisen: How many people will take it? That question might prove especially pivotal for groups that have seen the highest casualty rates from COVID-19.”

New York Times: Their Teeth Fell Out. Was It Another Covid-19 Consequence?. “Earlier this month, Farah Khemili popped a wintergreen breath mint in her mouth and noticed a strange sensation: a bottom tooth wiggling against her tongue. Ms. Khemili, 43, of Voorheesville, N.Y., had never lost an adult tooth. She touched the tooth to confirm it was loose, initially thinking the problem might be the mint. The next day, the tooth flew out of her mouth and into her hand. There was neither blood nor pain.”


Google Blog: How you’ll find accurate and timely information on COVID-19 vaccines. “As the world turns its focus to the deployment of vaccines, the type of information people need will evolve. Communities will be vaccinated at an unprecedented pace and scale. This will require sharing information to educate the public, including addressing vaccine misperceptions and hesitance, and helping to surface official guidance to people on when, where and how to get vaccinated. Today, we’re sharing about how we’re working to meet these needs—through our products and partnering with health authorities—while keeping harmful misinformation off our platforms.”

University of Missouri: Mizzou Engineers Using Twitter to Track COVID-19. “Mizzou Engineers are taking to Twitter to track COVID-19 and analyze the virus’s impact on individual health. Yijie Ren, Jiacheng Xie and Lei Jiang are using Twitter’s built-in programming interface to search tweets for key phrases such as “I tested positive.” From there, they’re delving deeper into the Twitter user’s account to log symptoms and recovery experiences.”


Arizona State University: ASU student team’s fog-free mask design wins $1 million international competition. “A student team from Arizona State University has won the million-dollar XPRIZE Next-Gen Mask Challenge to redesign the face masks used to prevent the spread of COVID-19 by making them more comfortable, functional and affordable. The contest drew nearly 1,000 entries from young innovators in more than 70 countries around the world. The ASU team made the top five in early December; the grand prize was announced Tuesday.”

University of Florida: Smell tests evaluated as potential tool to identify COVID-19. “A team of University of Florida neuroscientists will analyze two different smell tests under a new National Institutes of Health grant aimed at developing inexpensive, at-home tests to help identify new cases of COVID-19 and provide a warning sign of a community outbreak in time to thwart it.”


FBI: Federal Agencies Warn of Emerging Fraud Schemes Related to COVID-19 Vaccines. “The Federal Bureau of Investigation (FBI), Department of Health and Human Services Office of Inspector General (HHS-OIG), and Centers for Medicare & Medicaid Services (CMS) are warning the public about several emerging fraud schemes related to COVID-19 vaccines. The FBI, HHS-OIG, and CMS have received complaints of scammers using the public’s interest in COVID-19 vaccines to obtain personally identifiable information (PII) and money through various schemes.”


Mashable: How cosmetic glitter improved my self-confidence on Zoom calls. “I’ll be honest: It’s 2020 and I feel like shit. My clothes are tight. I never feel clean. The family couch and I have developed an identical, yet unidentifiable smell. Things are dire for me and my self-esteem right now — and unless those vaccines start moving a whole lot faster, things are going to stay dire for a while. So thank god for those iridescent discs I sometimes glue to my face, the tiny scraps of plastic that have been keeping me together in these difficult, socially distant times.”


NPR: Mask Up! How Public Health Messages Collide With Facebook’s Political Ads Ban. “Facebook halted political advertising after polls closed on Election Day. With votes being counted, President Donald Trump and his supporters spread false claims and conspiracy theories about the results. But nearly two months later, the Electoral College has affirmed Joe Biden’s victory and yet Facebook’s temporary pause is still in place. The ad ban illustrates the difficult tradeoffs Facebook is making, with every decision carrying ramifications for billions of users.”

CoronaBuzz is brought to you by ResearchBuzz. I love your comments, I love your site suggestions, and I love you. Feel free to comment, send resource suggestions, or tag @buzz_corona on Twitter. Thanks!

Updated my 52 Ancestors and Amanuensis Monday Lists Today. How Can I Preserve Them?

As devoted Genea-Musings readers know, I write a weekly blog post with an ancestor’s biography for the 52 Ancestors blog challenge every Friday morning and a weekly blog post for an ancestor’s record transcription for the Amanuensis Monday blog challenge every Monday morning.  

I updated my Pages with lists of these posts today.  There are now 361 biographies on the 52 Ancestors Biographies page, and about 540 record transcriptions on the Amanuensis Monday page.

These are essential parts of my weekly genealogy research and documentation activities because they advance my knowledge of my ancestors’ lives and the records created for my ancestors.  I subscribe to the “Seaver Chunk Theory of Genealogy Progress” which says “do something every day, every week, every month, every year to advance the state of your genealogy knowledge and pretty soon you have a mountain of research.”  

The problem with the “mountain” is “how do you save it for posterity?”  

I have 14,250+ posts in almost 15 years on this blog now – a true mountain of genealogy research.  These posts are a major part of my “Body of Work.”

Those posts include more personal research, such as the “Surname Saturday,” “Seavers in the News”, “Tombstone Tuesday” and “Wordless Wednesday” posts.  In addition, there are the weekly curation posts for and new and updated collections, the weekly “Best of the Genea-Blogs” posts, plus the semi-weekly “Genealogy News and Education Bytes” posts.  Then there are the occasional “Dear Randy” posts and weekly “Saturday Night Genealogy Fun” posts.  

I post all of these in order to share information with my readers and anyone else that finds these blog posts by doing an Internet search, or by browsing my blog using ancestor names and locations.  

From a posterity standpoint, the most important posts are the family photographs in the Wordless Wednesday series, the biographies in the 52 Ancestors series, and the transcriptions in the Amanuensis Monday series.

I have been thinking a lot about how to save these blog posts for posterity (or at least for my descendants) and the genealogy world.  I have not written ebooks or published books like several of my friends who memorialize their blog each year, and that seems like a daunting and expensive task at this point in time.  I occasionally create ebooks in PDF format and put them on  (see so that search engines can find them.  But those are 8 years old now and I have more information!  I’m working on updating them and adding more.

My online family trees at, and  are updated occasionally (yearly?), and include my genealogy research, including General and Fact Notes, in the RootsMagic family tree genealogy software program, but Ancestry doesn’t show General Notes to other users. I could add my daughters, or cousins, to my Ancestry account so that they can access and add to or edit the tree data.

I have been adding the 52 Ancestors biography and Amanuensis Monday transcribed information to Notes in RootsMagic, and then transferring the notes to person profiles for my ancestors in FamilySearch Family Tree.  This works well, but the Notes can be edited or deleted by another researcher.

I am keenly aware that Google and Blogger will not save my “chunks of stuff” forever, and could kill my website at any time.  They probably will kill it one or more years after I die and stop using the website.  So what can or should I do with the “chunks” I think have value to my family and to other researchers?

You might ask – what is your plan?  Here are some of what I want to do or am doing:

*  I will use genealogy software to create updated ebooks of my ancestry, my wife’s ancestry, and descendants of key families (e.g., Seaver, Carringer, Auble, Vaux, Dill, Buck) and put them on Scribd.  These will probably not include Notes because of the high page count of the books, but will include sources (such as they are at the time of creation).

*  I will use genealogy software to create an ebook of my ancestry and my wife’s ancestry back to 2nd great-grandparents with all of the Notes and sources that includes family stories and photographs.  I might even self-publish a few copies for my daughters and grandchildren.

*  I will inquire if I can donate these ebooks to FamilySearch Books or the Internet Archive so that other researchers can benefit from my research.

*   I will make PDFs of the 52 Ancestor biography posts and the Amanuensis Monday transcription posts and attach them as Stories to my Ancestry and other online trees.  

*  I will add my daughters to my FOREVER account (which should last 98 more years).

*  I have started creating photo albums on FOREVER for each family.  I have over 50 8-mm home movies already in my FOREVER account.  

*  I have started creating presentations of family photos for my family, my parents, grandparents and great-grandparents, and will put those on my YouTube channel and my FOREVER account.  

*  I will put those PDFs of important blog posts in my FOREVER account as documents.

*  I will put my RootsMagic file, and a GEDCOM file, in my FOREVER account. 

Whew – if I quit blogging, I could probably get all of that done in two to three years.  My plans are always bigger than the time available!

What provisions have you made for your blog posts, your genealogy research, your photo collection, your online trees, and all of your paper and digital records?


The URL for this post is:

Copyright (c) 2020, Randall J. Seaver

Please comment on this post on the website by clicking the URL above and then the “Comments” link at the bottom of each post. Share it on Twitter, Facebook, or Pinterest using the icons below. Or contact me by email at

WACKY Wednesday: Julian, Gregorian and Other Calendars

We concluded it behooves 21st century family historians to observe differences in the adoption of the Gregorian from the Julian calendar. It varies by county, time period, whether the record is a civil record versus an ecclesiastical record.

Check your genealogy management program to see what data entry options are available. We discovered Family Tree Maker provides the option to indicate the specific calendar used when entering a date. RootsMagic considers anything not Gregorian an irregular date. We agreed it is important to enter the date as stated in the document, i.e. making an accurate word-for-word transcription. Cousin Russ mentions he puts in two event dates for his Quaker ancestors – Old Style (from the document transcription) and New Style (Gregorian). Be sure when looking at a record set to see if the front matter indicates what calendar was used.

Carol Petranek mentioned Greece did not adopt the Gregorian calendar until 1924, yet the calendar itself was first established in 1582 by Pope Gregory XIII. 



Click to view the video recording in full screen mode.
Saved Chat for this webinar:
Audio Transcript for this webinar: (TBA when Zoom has processed this.)

If you value the interactive genealogy education provided in DearMYRTLE webinars, please consider donating. THANK-YOU in advance.

Happy family tree climbing!
Myrt     🙂
Your friend in genealogy
Twitter: @DearMYRTLE

Second Life: Clarise Beaumont


LINK TO YOUTUBE RECORDING: Mondays with Myrt – 21 Sept 2020

CHAT DIALOG (with links we mention) 

00:31:02 Frank Jatzek: Good Evening everone 00:31:24 carencay bowen: Good Evening from City of Baltimore, Maryland, USA 00:31:48 Cousin Russ: We thank Dr. Shelley Murphy for sponsoring our Closed Captioning service for the year. Her blog is found here: 00:32:14 Myra Lindgren: Good evening from Casper Wy.! 00:32:23 Betty-Lu Burton: Thank you Dr Shelly Murphy 00:32:40 Shelley Murphy: Hey there Betty-Lu! 00:33:09 Myra Lindgren: Almost always Windy – but no smog here! 00:33:59 Myra Lindgren: July? 00:34:51 Cousin Russ: THE QUAKER CALENDAR – Swarthmore 00:36:08 Betty-Lu Burton: The Quakers considered the names of the months and days of the weeks as blasphemy 00:37:17 Alice Allen: It would be April 00:37:29 Betty-Lu Burton: 4th month in 1801 would be April 00:37:51 Betty-Lu Burton: If it was before 1752 it would be July 00:38:07 Pat Jackson: didn’t the year start on March 25? 00:40:22 Myra Lindgren: Family search wiki 00:41:17 Betty-Lu Burton: That is why President George Washington has 2 different dates for his birthday. One from the Julian calendar and the other from the Gregorian calendar 00:41:56 Betty-Lu Burton: You can also go to Cyndi’s list and look under calendars 00:42:45 Alice Allen: Maybe try Quaker Dating System 00:43:52 Betty-Lu Burton: That is why you need to somewhere in your notes state the actual date and then the current date 00:44:24 Cousin Russ: Betty-Lu Burton: You will find a double year in the 1600’s but they did name the month 00:48:32 Pat Jackson: my mom had a flight on 1/1/2000–brave woman, lol 00:50:20 Betty-Lu Burton: Also in the 1600’s the civil government used one calendar and the Church used the other, thus causing the double dates 00:51:34 Myra Lindgren: Transcribe it with a notation afterwards 00:52:24 Betty-Lu Burton: That is when you need to translate to the current calendar and note that is what we did, listing the actual date and why and how you translated it 00:52:43 Carol Petranek: I run into this all the time, because the Greek Church in America did not adopt the Gregorian Calendar until 1924. I record both dates. Especially in marriages, there is one date in the church record and a different date in the church record. 00:54:26 Pat Jackson: use the modern date n the date field, with a note of the difference and why? 00:55:00 Shelley Murphy: @Carol Petranek I agree with putting both dates. 00:55:32 carencay bowen: He assumed 00:56:33 Carol Petranek: Whoops – one date in the church record and one date in the civil record 00:56:40 carencay bowen: Within Ancestry put the adjusted date and under the note area the older form and type of calendar 01:00:36 Carol Petranek: Pat, you can also add an Alternate Birth date with a notation that the alternate date is the Quaker or Julian or whatever calendar date 01:03:20 carencay bowen: I do 01:03:25 Frank Jatzek: here 01:03:27 Phillip Heavner: no 01:03:29 char Espo: yes 01:03:29 Sharon Morrissey: No 01:03:31 Betty-Lu Burton: no 01:03:32 Myra Lindgren: Nope 01:03:34 carencay bowen: its from the Jewish 01:03:36 Stephanie Vanderveer: no 01:03:39 Pat Jackson: no 01:03:45 Susan Jaycox: Polish 01:05:25 carencay bowen: ;yes they are 01:06:42 Cousin Russ: 01:07:37 carencay bowen: Click the link just above the chart 01:07:42 Betty-Lu Burton: I wonder if that is why I would occasionally see where the man only put the year down and not a day or month of birth. It seems many of them were from russia 01:07:59 Phillip Heavner: Finland was part of Sweden at one time, then came under Russian control until the early 20th century when it became independent. 01:08:41 Betty-Lu Burton: I meant to say in the WWI draft records 01:10:17 carencay bowen: USA had 3 different conversion periods 01:10:28 carencay bowen: USA is at the bottom 01:16:29 Sheri Snodgrass: Native Americans counted in new moons 01:19:05 Frank Jatzek: Maybe it changes with RM8 01:19:25 Shelley Murphy: Ancient Hawai’i I believe also used the Moon/Lunar way. 01:21:02 Cousin Russ: 01:24:10 Dave Robison: Steve Morse also has an explanation of double dates and many pages for a wide variety of calendars. 01:24:29 Carol Petranek: I attended a Steve Morse lecture at RootsTech a few years ago. He is indeed brilliant and an engaging presenter 01:24:39 Dave Robison: Myra Lindgren: I understand Dr. Shelley! 01:27:38 Cousin Russ: FamilySearch Wiki: US Records Selection table – 01:28:14 Sheri Snodgrass: Ancestry has created a 1890 Collection list 01:28:14 Betty-Lu Burton: I am lucky in that many of my families lived in states with 1885 and 1895 state censuses 01:29:20 Sheri Snodgrass: Love this approach Dr Shelley!! 01:29:53 Myra Lindgren: I think of census records as being the bones of my research and every other record or text that I find fills in the rest……….You are gradually filling in the rest of the person… 01:30:34 Betty-Lu Burton: I never thought about doing that. That is a good idea 01:32:22 Myra Lindgren: When I found out the 1890 veteran census was still around I found several families… 01:35:08 Cousin Russ: carencay bowen: I feel sorry for future genealogist – there will be no city or phone directories 01:37:41 Flo Merritt: WOW, thank you. 01:38:34 Frank Jatzek: carencay: there will still be citymaps, it will be an archived Webpage of streetview 01:38:46 Shelley Murphy: Another note: consider to connect oral histories to the 1890 era as well. 01:39:44 Carol Petranek: Pat – has Bella returned? 01:39:54 Carol Petranek: Yay!!!!!!!!!!!!! 01:40:12 carencay bowen: Thanks for the information

Small Autumnal Journal and Dad’s D in English

Ol’ Myrt here is crafting a variety of small journals to share personal history anecdotes and ancestral findings with her children and grandchildren. Plain old pedigree charts and family group sheets just won’t cut it. Here are two videos about the flip journal I’ve created to talk about how my Dad, ever the perfectionist, received a D in English, while another grade looks as if it has been changed. Crazy!

Please note closed captioning is available on all my YouTube videos. If you wish to follow along with my current project, the Simple Japanese Journal, and other offerings, consider subscribing to Myrt’s Journal YouTube Channel, and click the “bell” to set your notification preferences. Thank you!

Small Autumnal Journal and  Dad’s D in English – Part 1 (19:25)
Closed captioning available.

Small Autumnal Journal – Part 2 (6:31)
Closed captioning available.
If you value the interactive genealogy education provided in DearMYRTLE webinars, please consider donating. THANK-YOU in advance.

Happy family tree climbing!
Myrt     🙂
Your friend in genealogy
Twitter: @DearMYRTLE

Second Life: Clarise Beaumont

Writing Inspiration

Several have inquired about writing prompts, so this video shares some of the hard copy resources I’m using. It’s all about telling my personal history and ancestral anecdotes one topic per small journal, as I proceed with this plan to share info with my less genealogy-oriented children and grandchildren. 

What are you using for inspiration?

Please note closed captioning is available on all my YouTube videos. If you wish to follow along with my current project, the Simple Japanese Journal, and other offerings, consider subscribing to Myrt’s Journal YouTube Channel, and click the “bell” to set your notification preferences. Thank you!

Writing Inspiration (2:50)
Closed Captioning available.
If you value the interactive genealogy education provided in DearMYRTLE webinars, please consider donating. THANK-YOU in advance.

Happy family tree climbing!
Myrt     🙂
Your friend in genealogy
Twitter: @DearMYRTLE

Second Life: Clarise Beaumont

Colorizing Photos, Maine Law Enforcement, Camp Hyrule, More: Wednesday Afternoon ResearchBuzz, December 2, 2020


BusinessWire: Colourise. com Releases Online AI Colorization Service, Allowing Users to Colorize Photos in One Click (PRESS RELEASE). “If you are one of the techies curious about AI, you might have heard of Convolutional Neural Network in deep learning, a type of network for visual imagery analysis. That is exactly what makes AI colorization possible. has trained its deep neural networks with tens of thousands of old black and white photos and modern color images that have complex or simple scenes. All you need to do is upload black and white photos and let AI take care of the rest.” I tried this with two photos. One was only partially colorized and the other looked like it got fruit punch spilled on it. YMMV but I probably won’t be coming back to this one.

Bangor Daily News: A searchable database of 5 years of punishments for county officers in Maine. “Now, the public can see five years of discipline for the worst patrol and corrections officer misconduct at the county level. In these public records, you can see which sheriff’s offices have been open about their misconduct and which have opted to share as little detail as possible. In total, a third of records for serious discipline, where someone was suspended, terminated, demoted or resigned in lieu of discipline, did not provide enough information to determine what actually happened.”

The Gamer: Nintendo’s Camp Hyrule Games Are Now Available On The Internet Archives. “If summer camp was your way of escaping the school routine, and you also loved The Legend of Zelda, then Nintendo’s Camp Hyrule must have been the event for you. What stands as Nintendo’s biggest online event now has its collection of games available on the Internet Archive. First appearing in 1995, Camp Hyrule was the virtual place to be in August, where a host of online games were available to play within its summer camp simulation. The catalogue of games included trivia challenges, sports games, rhythm minigames, and more.”


CNET: Facebook’s oversight board unveils its first slate of cases. “Facebook’s content oversight board on Tuesday chose its first slate of cases for review, selecting six from more than 20,000 brought to the independent body since it opened its doors in late October. Three of the cases involve hate speech, which the social network restricts as part of its community guidelines. Five of the cases were brought by users, while one was brought by the company itself.”

Google Blog: A new way to discover what’s happening with Google Maps. “If there’s anyone that can keep you in-the-know, it’s the Google Maps community. Every day, people submit more than 20 million contributions—including recommendations for their favorite spots, updates to business services, fresh reviews and ratings, photos, answers to other people’s questions, updated addresses and more. Now, we’re making it easier to find updates and recommendations from trusted local sources with a new community feed in the Explore tab of Google Maps.”


Popular Science: Social media can be toxic. Here’s how to make sure your feeds aren’t.. “There are dozens of guides out there on how to curate your feed by unfollowing and blocking the toxic people in your life, and you can even use third-party tools to remove posts with certain words. That can do a lot of good, but with cultural strife at 2020 levels, bickering will undoubtedly infect your feed no matter how many words you mute and people you unfollow. To avoid this, I’ve taken a more nuclear approach—I’ve unfollowed almost everybody.”


The Art Newspaper: Jewish collections looted by the Nazis to be examined and traced in new database . “A new database that aims to provide a comprehensive registry of all the Jewish collections looted by the Nazis has announced a pilot project focussing on the fate of the collection of Adolphe Schloss, whose store of Dutch Old Masters was seized by the Gestapo from the French chateau where they had been hidden for safekeeping. One third of the collection is still missing.”

NiemanLab: Beyond “yellow banners on websites”: How to restore moral and technical order in a time of misinformation. “With just four (!) weeks left in 2020, Dr. Joan Donovan, the research director of the Shorenstein Center, says that now is the time to think about what we can do to ‘restore moral and technical order’ at time when so many people — from journalists, public servants, and civil society leaders to public health professionals — are paying the price (and consequences) of misinformation.”


Gizmodo: Massachusetts Lawmakers Voted To Ban Police From Using Facial Recognition Tech. “Massachusetts lawmakers voted on Monday to pass a police reform bill that would outlaw the use of facial recognition technology by police departments and other public agencies in the state. The bill now heads to Massachusetts governor Charlie Baker for his signature.”


New York Times: How Archaeologists Are Using Deep Learning to Dig Deeper. “Finding the tomb of an ancient king full of golden artifacts, weapons and elaborate clothing seems like any archaeologist’s fantasy. But searching for them, Gino Caspari can tell you, is incredibly tedious.” Good afternoon, Internet…

Do you like ResearchBuzz? Does it help you out? Please consider supporting it on Patreon. Not interested in commitment? Perhaps you’d buy me an iced tea. I love your comments, I love your site suggestions, and I love you. Feel free to comment on the blog, or @ResearchBuzz on Twitter. Thanks!

Violence Beyond King Street on the Fifth of March

By modern standards, the judges overseeing the trial of the soldiers for the Boston Massacre should have limited the testimony to what happened in King Street or specifically involved the defendants.

However, prosecutors Robert Treat Paine and Samuel Quincy wanted to call witnesses to violence and threats from other soldiers that night. Or as acting governor Thomas Hutchinson later wrote: “The Counsel for the Crown urged to be admitted to prove the threats &ct. of the Soldiers preceding the Action.”

The judges were dubious, but defense attorneys John Adams and Josiah Quincy, Jr., were agreeable as long as they had the same leeway to introduce testimony about violence and threats by civilians.

That tactic actually split the defense team, again according to Hutchinson. Robert Auchmuty, senior attorney for Capt. Thomas Preston and a strong advocate for the Crown in other respects, didn’t like letting people testify about aggressive soldiers, but he wasn’t arguing this case.

Adams himself reportedly didn’t want to put too much testimony about aggressive townspeople on record. Hutchinson stated:

Quincy one of the Counsel for the prisoners was for giving very large Evidence against the Inhabitants to prove a premeditated design to drive out the Soldiers & frequent abuse as well as threats Adams was against it & [Sampson Salter] Blowers who acted as an Attony to prepare the Evidence told me that Adams said if they would go on with such Witnesses who only served to set the Town in a bad light he would leave the cause & not say a word more. So that a stop was put & many witnesses were not brought who otherwise would have been.

Some supporters of the Crown even feared Adams was sabotaging the soldiers’ case, but Hutchinson declined to replace him “as it would have been extremely irregular” and Auchmuty wasn’t ready to step in.

As a result, we have records from the trial of confrontations elsewhere in town that night. For instance, Sgt. William Davis of the 14th Regiment described running into a crowd he estimated as about 200 people near Wentworth’s wharf:

I saw no soldier in the street; I heard them saying damn the dogs knock them down, we will knock down the first officer, or bloody backed rascal we shall meet this night; some of them then said they would go to the southward, and join some of their friends there, and attack the damned scoundrels, and drive them out of the town, for they had no business here.

Apprehending danger if I should be in my regimentals, I went into a house at the North end and changed my dress, and in my return from the North-end, about nine, coming near Dock square, I heard a great noise a whistling and rattling of wood; I came near the Market place, and saw a great number of people there, knocking against the posts, and tearing up the stalls, saying damn the lobsters, where are they now; I heard several voices, some said let us kill that damned scoundrel of a Sentry, and then attack the Main guard; some said, let us go to Smith’s barracks [also called Murray’s barracks], others said let us go to the rope-walks;

they divided: The largest number went up Royal-exchange-lane, and another party up Fitch’s alley, and the rest through the main street, up Cornhill. I passed by the Golden-Ball, I saw no person there but a woman, persuading a man to stay at home; he said he would not, he would go amongst them, if he lost his life by it. . . .

It was past nine, for I heard bells ring before. One of them was loading his piece by Oliver’s dock, he said he would do for some of these scoundrels that night.

John Cox, brick-layer, testified to a different scene in the South End:

I saw three soldiers, two belonging to the Neck, and one to the Main Guard, by Liberty-tree, I was at Mr. [John] Gore [Jr.]’s shop opposite the Tree; one said to the other, bring half your guard, and we will bring half ours, and we will blow up this damned pole; I said, so sure as you offer ye scoundrels to blow up that pole, you will have your brains blown out.

Soldiers in New York had blown up the Liberty Pole there a few weeks earlier, prompting bigger fights.

Gregory Townshend, merchant:

Just after the bell rung nine, hearing the bell ring again, I went out thinking it was fire; I saw numbers of people running from the South-end some had buckets, the principal number had clubs in their hands. I asked where is the fire, I received for answer, at the Rope-walks and in King street. Numbers were coming with buckets, and the rest said Damn your bloods do not bring buckets, bring clubs.

Henry Bass, another merchant—and a member of the Loyall Nine:

I went down the main-street, and coming near Boylston’s alley, I saw a number of boys and children from twelve to fifteen years old, betwixt Mr. [William?] Jackson’s and the alley; some of them had walking canes. A number of soldiers, I think four, sallied out of the alley. . . .

I took the soldiers for grenadiers, all of them had cutlasses drawn. . . . They came out of the alley, and I imagine from the barracks; they fell on these boys, and every body else that came in their way, they struck them; they followed me and almost over took me, I had the advantage of them and run as far as Col. [Joseph] Jackson’s, there I made a stand, they came down as far as the stone shop. . . .

these lads came down, some of them came to the Market square, one got a stave, others pieces of pine, they were very small, I do not know whether any of the lads were cut. I turned and then saw an oyster-man, who said to me, damn it here is what I have got by going up; (showing his shoulder wounded) I put my finger into the wound and blooded it very much.

Each legal team thus tried to portray the other side as needlessly aggressive and their own clients as responding with reasonable force. Of course, that was the problem in the first place.