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“Tom Gage’s Proclamation” Parodied

The Readex newspaper database I use offers this page from the 28 June 1775 issue of the Pennsylvania Journal and Weekly Advertiser.

In fact, it offers two images of this page, apparently identical.

Obviously, someone clipped an item out of the copy of that newspaper which was photographed decades ago for a microfilm publication and then digitized for this database. I hope there’s an intact copy of this printed sheet somewhere.

Fortunately, through other sources I confirmed what was missing (on this side). It was a response to the preceding item in that same newspaper, Gen. Thomas Gage’s 12 June proclamation of amnesty to anyone in arms against the Crown government except Samuel Adams and John Hancock.

Somebody went to great pains to parody the general’s announcement in rhymed verse:

TOM. GAGE’S PROCLAMATION,
Or blustering DENUNCIATION,
(Replete with Defamation,)
Threatning Devastation,
And speedy Jugulation,
Of the New-English Nation.—
Who shall his pious ways shun?

WHEREAS the Rebels hereabout,
Are stubborn still, and still hold out;
Refusing yet to drink their Tea,
In spite of Parliament and Me;
And to maintain their bubble, Right,
Prognosticate a real fight;
Preparing flints, and guns, and ball,
My army and the fleet to maul;
Mounting their guilt to such a pitch,
As to let fly at soldier’s breech;
Pretending they design’d a trick,
Tho’ order’d not to hurt a chick;
But peaceably, without alarm,
The men of Concord to disarm;
Or, if resisting, to annoy,
And ev’ry magazine destroy:—

All which, tho’ long oblig’d to bear,
Thro’ want of men, and not of fear;
I’m able now by augmentation,
To give a proper castigation;
For since th’ addition to the troops,
Now re-inforc’d as thick as hops;
I can, like Jemmy and the Boyne,
Look safely on—Fight you Burgoyne;
And mowe, like grass, the rebel Yankees.
I fancy not these doodle dances:—

Yet e’er I draw the vengeful sword,
I have thought fit to send abroad,
This present gracious Proclamation
Of purpose mild the demonstration,
That whosoe’er keeps gun or pistol,
I’ll spoil the motion of his systole;
Or, whip his breech, or cut his weason,
As haps the measure of his Treason:—

But every one that will lay down
His hanger bright, and musket brown,
Shall not be beat, nor bruis’d, nor bang’d,
Much less for past offences, hang’d;
But on surrendering his toledo,
Go to and fro unhurt as we do:—

But then I must, out of this plan, lock
Both SAMUEL ADAMS and JOHN HANCOCK;
For those vile traitors (like debentures)
Must be tuck’d up at all adventures;
As any proffer of a pardon,
Would only tend those rogues to harden:—
But every other mother’s son,
The instant he destroys his gun,
(For thus doth run the King’s command)
May, if he will, come kiss my hand.—

And to prevent such wicked game, as
Pleading the plea of ignoramus;
Be this my proclamation spread
To every reader that can read:—
And as nor law nor right was known
Since my arrival in this town;
To remedy this fatal flaw,
I hereby publish Martial Law.
Mean while let all, and every one
Who loves his life, forsake his gun;
And all the Council, by mandamus,
Who have been reckoned so infamous,
Return unto their habitation
Without or let or molestation.—

Thus, graciously, the war I wage,
As witnesseth my hand,———TOM. GAGE.
By command of MOTHER CARY,
THOMAS FLUCKER, Secretary.

That’s the text as it was reprinted in the 10 July 1775 Norwich Packet. Many other American newspapers also picked up the poem. It was anthologized in the 1800s, often in rewritten forms. So far as I can tell, no one ever identified the poet.

Now for translations and annotations:

  • “Jugulation”: killing by cutting the throat.
  • “bubble”: a “false show,” one of several contemporaneous meanings provided by Dr. Samuel Johnson.
  • “Jemmy and the Boyne”: the 1690 battle where the forces of William and Mary defeated James II.
  • “doodle”: “A trifler; an idler,” wrote Dr. Johnson.
  • “systole”: heartbeat. 
  • “weason”: an old Scottish word for the throat or gullet. 
  • “toledo”: a well made Spanish sword. 
  • “debentures”: financial bonds. 
  • “Mother Cary”: a supernatural personification of the dangerous ocean. 

DearMYRTLE’s Basic Equipment List for Virtual Meetings

DearREADERS,
My previous post explains how Cousin Russ and I go about Managing an Online Study Group. This post explains the finer points of equipment we recommend for optimal video and sound quality. Over the years, we’ve tested all sorts of equipment, in a variety of configurations on both the Windows and Mac platforms. This post references Zoom, our current virtual meeting service of choice, but applies to most other service providers as well. NOTE: All links are non-affiliate links.

1. Wired Internet
2. A USB headset with mic (Microsoft Lifechat LX3000)
3. A full-HD quality webcam. (Logitech C920)



WIRED INTERNET
Although most virtual meeting platforms permit attending via mobile devices like smart phones and tablets, we recommend using a computer with wired internet access, particularly if you are the presenter. If your bandwidth is compromised by too many devices connected to the internet, you’ll notice your voice is skipping or lagging. Best practices include:
  • Reboot your computer and do not open unnecessary memory-resident programs.
  • Close programs that access the internet in the background, such as BackBlaze, Dropbox, and Microsoft Outlook.
  • Ensure no one in the same network is live streaming something like an Amazon video or attending another virtual meeting.
  • Turn off ‘smart TVs‘ that as they ping the internet in the background.
A USB HEADSET
Cousin Russ and I experimented with our recommended headset/mic, the USB  Microsoft LifeChat LX3000, a laptop’s built-in mic, and an inline mic and ear buds all in the same webinar. The results were subtle during the live event, but the headset/mic wins hands down for best sound quality in the recording.

An alternative high quality, stand alone mic is the Blue Yeti Microphone used with a microphone arm like this. Do not place the Blue Yeti on your desk, as any typing will be picked up by the pic. Add good wireless earphones or external speakers so you can hear.

A FULL-HD QUALITY WEBCAM
That means 1080p. We currently use a Logitech C920, though there are newer models and much higher prices. This model sports a highly articulating base to clip on the top of monitors, and includes a female hookup for typical tripod mounts. Though my laptop has a built-in webcam, I use the external webcam for best quality video. It’s all about looking good!
MULTIPLE MONITORS
Genealogists are turning to two monitors to facilitate online research and having two also works well when attending virtual presentations. Since all elements of Zoom can be resized and rearranged, monitor 1 might be a full-screen view of the instructor’s slide deck. Monitor 2 would have the gallery view of participants and the chat dialog box displayed as shown below.
However, Zoom requires a setting change in the Zoom Client (App) shown below to permit dual monitors, shown below right. Click “Settings”, locate “Use dual monitors” option and click the box to the left to turn this on.
GREEN SCREEN
To provide a smart looking backdrop you don’t need a fancy green screen that pulls down from the ceiling. A good friend stapled green fabric to a simple 2×4 wood frame. Another draped a large green tablecloth over the bookcase behind her chair in the home office. The Zoom Client (app) provides some basic background pics. You may add your own favorite pics for a  backdrop by clicking the plus sign shown below by the red arrow and red box. If you do not yet ave a green screen, you can deselect the option “I have a green screen” shown by the yellow arrow below.

SUMMARY
As we have been staying home to be safe during the pandemic, we’ve noticed many genealogy societies, families, universities and workplaces are holding virtual meetings. Folks are beginning to see the benefits of the short commute to their virtual offices.
Now that virtual meetings have gone main stream, providing the best equipment is a must! 

—–

If you value the interactive genealogy education provided in DearMYRTLE webinars, please consider donating. THANK-YOU in advance.
paypal.me/DearMYRTLE

Happy family tree climbing!
Myrt     🙂
DearMYRTLE,
Your friend in genealogy
http://blog.DearMYRTLE.com
Twitter: @DearMYRTLE

Second Life: Clarise Beaumont

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Ancestry Launches New Genetic Communities

North American Genetic Communities map from AncestryDNAAncestry launched Genetic Communities last week. “Think of the AncestryDNA ethnicity estimates on steroids, and you’ll have a sense of what this is,” Tim Sullivan told RootsTech attendees last February. While ethnicity estimates show your genetic origins from hundreds to thousands of years ago, the Genetic Communities feature shows groups of people you are related to in the last few hundred years. Ancestry defines a Genetic Community as “a group of people who are connected to each other through DNA, most likely because they share a common history or lived in the same places.”

Kendall Hulet said, “Applying rigorous statistics and scientific development, we’ve created a unique experience that can connect you through your DNA to places your ancestors called home and the migration paths they followed to get there.” This doesn’t necessarily pin your particular ancestors to a particular place, since your ancestor may have been an outlier. Chances are good, however, that Ancestry will nail part of your ancestry to a particular region and timeframe.

AncestryDNA has identified over 300 communities with plans to release more in the future. Brad Argent of AncestryUK says that most people are members of at least one Genetic Community, some people are members of two, and, rarely, some are members of three. In my case, I am a member of one.

My ethnicity map now shows my ethnicity estimates on a dark azure map. (Can I just say, I don’t like this new color scheme?) Notice that Ancestry has narrowed (not!) my Native American ancestry to the entire Western hemisphere. Not very helpful in determining my tribal origin (Massachuset).

The Ancestry Insider ethnic origin map from AncestryDNA

But notice the small Orange spot on Utah? That’s my genetic community, “Mormon Pioneers in the Mountain West.”

The Ancestry Insider ethnic origin map from AncestryDNA with a Genetic Community noted

While my genetic community is of no surprise to me (I’m 5th generation Mormon on every single line—my ancestors all being good genealogists—I was born into a completely full, 7-generation pedigree), a Genetic Community could be very interesting to someone vaguely aware of—say—Germanic roots.

Your Genetic Communities are listed beneath your ethnicity pie chart on the left side of the page. The way statistics work, AncestryDNA can’t say with 100% confidence that you are a member of a community.

Ethnicity estimate pie chart and Genetic Communities list

When you click on your community, you are given an overview of the community.

image

Scrolling past the overview reveals migration time periods with commentary.

Migration time periods for an AncestryDNA Genetic Community
Migration time periods for an AncestryDNA Genetic Community
Migration time periods for an AncestryDNA Genetic Community

Selecting a time period shows a migration map, different for each time period. Orange dots show birthplaces from community members’ Ancestry Trees during that time period. Pins show birthplaces from your own tree. Animated lines show the direction of migration.

AncestryDNA Genetic Community time period migration map and commentary

AncestryDNA Genetic Community time period migration map and commentary

Did you notice, I’m aboot one-fourth Canadian, eh?

Beneath the community name, two buttons select between the default Story view, which I’ve shown above, and Connection view. Connection view states that they are 95% confident that I am a member of the Mormon Pioneers Genetic Community, and that it has 89,000 members. Connection view provides a link to see all 737 of the ones that I am related to. It also lists common surnames in the community:

Last names associated with my genetic community

Hmmm. Anything jump out at you?

To see Genetic Communities, you don’t need to have a tree or a paid Ancestry subscription. It is available for free to everyone who has had an AncestryDNA test.

Seavers in the News — Julia F. (Haley) Seaver Dies in 1935 in Winthrop, Mass.

It’s time for another edition of “Seavers in the News” – a weekly feature from the historical newspapers about persons with the surname Seaver that are interesting, useful, mysterious, fun, macabre, or add information to my family tree database.

This week’s entry is from The Boston [Mass.] Globe newspaper dated 2 February 1935:

The transcription of the article is:

“SEAVER — In Winthrop, Jan. 31, Julia F. (nee Haley), beloved wife of the late Christopher H. Seaver, formerly of Charlestown.  Funeral from residence, 143 Revere st., Monday, Feb. 4, at 9 a.m.  Solemn high mass of requiem at the Church of St. John the Evangelist at 10 o’clock.  Relatives and friends kindly invited to attend.”

The source citation is:

“Deaths,” The Boston [Mass.] Globe newspaper, death notice, Saturday, 2 February 1935, page 19, column 6, Julia F. (Haley) Seaver death notice;  Newspapers.com   (https://www.newspapers.com : accessed 25 June 2020).

This obituary provides a death date (31 January 1935), a death place, her spouse’s name, but not her parents or children names.     

I had Julia Frances (Haley) Seaver (1868-1935) in my RootsMagic database.  She was born July 1868 in Charlestown, Mass., the daughter of John and Eliza (Connor) Haley.  She married Christopher Hammond Seaver (1866-1910) in 1898 in Boston, Mass. They four one children:

*  Christopher Hammond Seaver (1898-1899).
*  John William Seaver (1900-1978).
*  Albert E. Seaver (1901-1949), married 1937 Antonina E. Lavish (1909-1992).
*  Mary A. Seaver (1904-????).

Julia’s husband, Christopher Hammond Seaver, is not my relative as far as I know.  His grandfather, Hammond Seaver (1810-1850) came from Germany before 1839.

There are over 9,000 Seaver “stories” in my family tree – and this was one of them.   Life happens, accidentally and intentionally, and some are widowed for a long time.  I am glad that I can honor Julia Frances (Haley) Seaver today.  

You never know when a descendant will find this blog post and learn something about their ancestors, or will provide more information about them to me.

                                  =============================================


Disclosure:  I have a complimentary subscription to Newspapers.com and have used it extensively to find articles about my ancestral and one-name families.



Copyright (c) 2020, Randall J. Seaver

Please comment on this post on the website by clicking the URL above and then the “Comments” link at the bottom of each post.  Share it on Twitter, Facebook,  or Pinterest using the icons below.  Or contact me by email at randy.seaver@gmail.com.


Flipboard, Mapillary, Facebook Alternatives, More: Wednesday Afternoon ResearchBuzz, June 24, 2020

TWEAKS AND UPDATES

CNET: Flipboard launches Storyboard feature for creating packages around events, issues. “Flipboard, a popular news aggregator app, introduced on Thursday a curation feature that allows publishers to quickly create packages of stories, images and videos that focus on a specific event or issue.”

TechCrunch: Mapillary, the crowdsourced database of street-level imagery, has been acquired by Facebook. “Mapillary, the Swedish startup that wants to take on Google and others in mapping the world via a crowdsourced database of street-level imagery, has been acquired by Facebook, according to the company’s blog. Terms of the deal aren’t being disclosed.” Ugh.

USEFUL STUFF

Make Tech Easier: Fed Up With Facebook? Here Are 5 Alternatives . “Competing social networks, regardless of how good their features are, tend to be under-populated simply because they haven’t accumulated the necessary critical mass of people. If you’re looking to diversify your social media, the Facebook alternatives below, tiny as they are in comparison, are some of your best bets.”

Tom’s Guide: How to create a website with Google Sites. “Google Sites is a website builder from Google that you can use to create fairly advanced websites in just minutes. The platform uses a drag-and-drop editor, so you don’t even have to touch HTML code to build a new website. Perhaps the best part about creating a Google Sites website is that it’s completely free. You just need a Google account to start using it. In this guide, we’ll walk you through the process of setting up a new website with Google Sites.”

AROUND THE SEARCH AND SOCIAL MEDIA WORLD

BetaNews: Windows 10’s Mail app is deleting Gmail users’ emails. “The bug causes sent emails to be deleted, meaning there is no way to check past correspondence. While numerous people have used Microsoft Answers to report the issue, Microsoft is yet to acknowledge the problem. There are, however, a couple of workarounds you can try if you are affected.”

CNN: Twitter puts warning on Trump tweet for ‘threat of harm’ against DC protesters. “Twitter on Tuesday put a warning label on a tweet from President Donald Trump in which he warned if protesters tried to set up an ‘autonomous zone’ in Washington DC they would be ‘met with serious force!’”

SECURITY & LEGAL

ZDNet: Adobe wants users to uninstall Flash Player by the end of the year. “Adobe plans to prompt users and ask them to uninstall Flash Player from their computers by the end of the year when the software is scheduled to reach End-Of-Life (EOL), on December 31, 2020. The move was announced in a new Flash Player EOL support page that Adobe published earlier this month, six months before the EOL date.”

RESEARCH & OPINION

BusinessWire: The Institution of Engineering and Technology and Wiley Announce Open Access Publishing Partnership (PRESS RELEASE). “Under the terms of the publishing agreement, the IET will transition its entire hybrid subscription journals portfolio to a gold OA model, joining its existing gold open access journals, to create a leading collection of engineering and technology open access journals. The IET is working with its existing stakeholders to make this transition.”

Phys .org: Study shows nearly no universities ready to deal with social media crisis. “Not so long ago, social media was a novel way for professionals in higher education to communicate about their institution. Now it’s ubiquitous, and a generation of students are on campus who have never known life without it. Yet, a University of Kansas study shows nearly no institution is ready to deal with a social media-fueled crisis, even if they have policies in place to do so.”

Ohio State News: Candidates who use humor on Twitter may find the joke is on them. “Political candidates’ use of humor on social media could sometimes backfire on them with potential supporters, new research suggests. People were more likely to view messages using humor as inappropriate for a political candidate they didn’t know, the study found. That led participants to rate a candidate using humor as less credible than one who didn’t – and less likely to get their vote.” Good afternoon, Internet…

Do you like ResearchBuzz? Does it help you out? Please consider supporting it on Patreon. Not interested in commitment? Perhaps you’d buy me an iced tea. I love your comments, I love your site suggestions, and I love you. Feel free to comment on the blog, or @ResearchBuzz on Twitter. Thanks!

HIV Research, Feminist Books, Black-Owned Food Businesses, More: Tuesday Afternoon ResearchBuzz, June 23, 2020

NEW RESOURCES

PLOS Collections: Introducing Project SOAR’s HIV Implementation Science Research Collection: Timely Evidence to Guide the HIV Response. “In the newly launched PLOS Special Collection ‘Project SOAR: robust evidence to improve the global HIV response’, the published and forthcoming papers present SOAR studies conducted in sub-Saharan Africa that evaluated innovative service delivery approaches, modeled their cost and impact, and elucidated social barriers to care such as gender and stigma. The Collection also focuses on the effects of recent changes in policy and discourse on mitigating the HIV epidemic in a variety of settings, including the adoption of ‘Treat All’ guidelines, reallocation of financial resources based on geographic and population HIV prevalence, and increased attention to men, adolescent girls, and young women.”

FiLiA: Frauenkultur: A New Online Archive Of Second Wave Feminist Book Titles. “Frauenkultur is a comprehensive online resource archive for second wave feminist texts written between 1965-1995. The archive is meant to act as a central hub, for young women and girls especially, to discover the range and multiplicity of second wave feminist writing and to create intergenerational linkages with women’s work of the past. While the actual texts are not available on the archive, there is plenty of information for each book entry such as a summary, quotes, sometimes images and table of contents.”

New-to-me, from Matador Network: How the EatOkra app helps diners ‘be aware and intentional’ of who they support . “The database — which currently lists 2,600 Black-owned restaurants, bakeries, cafes, food trucks, bars and wineries — is on the verge of a major expansion. Around 5,000 new businesses have reached out to Edwards since June 1, requesting to be added to the EatOkra directory.”

TWEAKS AND UPDATES

World Pipelines: EIA’s liquids pipeline database details US infrastructure changes in 10 years. “On 4 June the US Energy Information Administration (EIA) updated its Liquids Pipeline Projects Database, which includes a summary of more than 225 liquids pipeline projects in the United States and pipeline projects that cross into Mexico and Canada that are planned, under construction, on hold, or have been completed since 2010.”

USEFUL STUFF

MakeUseOf: 6 Awesome Free Twitter Tools to Discover Insights, Analytics, and Shortcuts. “Twitter is all about an avalanche of the latest and greatest posts, but you can’t easily find the top posts by a user, nor easily spot viral threads worth reading. These free Twitter web apps reduce the noise on the social network and help you find better content that’s worth your time.”

AROUND THE SEARCH AND SOCIAL MEDIA WORLD

Atlanta Black Star: How Social Media Users Forced Quaker to Retire Its Racist Aunt Jemima Brand . “R&B singer Kirby Lauryen, who posts to TikTok and Twitter as @singkirbysing, first drew attention this week to the racial stereotypes associated with the Aunt Jemima brand in a video post Monday instructing viewers on ‘How to make a non-racist breakfast.’ Kirby’s TikTok video, which has been viewed more than one million times, explains how the Aunt Jemima image originated from racist stereotypes of Black women.”

Mashable: Google, Twitter, and Amazon condemn Trump’s anti-immigration order. “Late Monday afternoon, the White House issued a proclamation, signed by the president, stating that the administration’s restrictive April visa policy — issued in response to the coronavirus — would be extended through the end of the year. As a result, Google, Twitter, and Amazon have all issued varying statements condemning the administration’s move.”

SECURITY & LEGAL

Balkan Transitional Justice: Burden of Proof: Inside Bosnia’s War Trial Case Archives. “Bosnia’s state court is rapidly running out of space for its ever-growing multitude of documents and evidence from war crimes trials, while the lack of an online archive is hampering lawyers and impeding public access to information.”

Techdirt: Appeals Court Says California’s IMDb-Targeting ‘Ageism’ Law Is Unconstitutional. “The state of California has lost again in its attempt to punish IMDb (the Internet Movie Database) — and IMDb alone — for ageism perpetrated by [checks notes] movie studios who seem to refuse to cast actresses above a certain age in choice roles.”

RESEARCH & OPINION

The Guardian: Experts call for regulation after latest botched art restoration in Spain. “Conservation experts in Spain have called for a tightening of the laws covering restoration work after a copy of a famous painting by the baroque artist Bartolomé Esteban Murillo became the latest in a long line of artworks to suffer a damaging and disfiguring repair.” Good afternoon, Internet…

Do you like ResearchBuzz? Does it help you out? Please consider supporting it on Patreon. Not interested in commitment? Perhaps you’d buy me an iced tea. I love your comments, I love your site suggestions, and I love you. Feel free to comment on the blog, or @ResearchBuzz on Twitter. Thanks!

ANNOUNCING: Adding Live CC to Your Zoom Events (webinar)

DearREADERS,

Cousin Russ and I are pleased to share news of an upcoming free training webinar for Zoom Hosts wishing to add live CC to their upcoming Zoom Meetings and Zoom Webinars.

We added an automatic service a week ago, and we have noticed how closed captioning facilitates greater interaction during our live virtual events. Members of the Deaf and Hard of Hearing community no longer need to wait to view our recordings on YouTube with it’s free CC option.
During this Host training webinar, we will discuss:
  • Free options within Zoom for CC and language translation.
  • How Zoom’s API script can activate automatic live CC and language translation with a third party service.
  • Orienting presenters and panelists.
  • Orienting Deaf and Hard of Hearing participants.
  • The advisability of activating CC and language translation in an open or closed registration for Zoom Meetings and Zoom Webinars.
DATE
Tuesday, 30 June 2020
TIME
Noon Eastern
If you need a time zone converter, this is the one I recommend:
https://www.timeanddate.com/worldclock/converter.html

Registrants will receive an automatic confirmation email with their personal link to join the webinar. Zoom also sends out reminders 1 week, 1 day and 1 hour before the event is scheduled to go live.
Seating is limited. You may register, but attendance is on a FCFS basis.
FOR FURTHER INFO
If your society is considering how to begin hosting virtual events, DearMYRTLE’s You, Too, Can Zoom video will describe the Zoom service, without the CC option.

If you value the interactive genealogy education provided in DearMYRTLE webinars, please consider donating. THANK-YOU in advance.
paypal.me/DearMYRTLE

Happy family tree climbing!
Myrt     🙂
DearMYRTLE,
Your friend in genealogy
http://blog.DearMYRTLE.com
Twitter: @DearMYRTLE

Second Life: Clarise Beaumont

http://www.facebook.com/groups/DearMYRTLE
https://www.facebook.com/groups/organizedgenealogist

Ancestry® Invites Its Members to Help Advance Research to Fight COVID-19

In this time of crisis, scientists and healthcare professionals worldwide are working around the clock to understand and respond to the COVID-19 pandemic. At Ancestry we are doing our part to support the global research community in the quest to defeat COVID-19 by launching a research project to explore potential genetic cues in our response Read More

The post Ancestry® Invites Its Members to Help Advance Research to Fight COVID-19 appeared first on Ancestry Blog.

Bringing Back a Source on the Bunker Hill Battle

Samuel Swett was one of the early historians of the Battle of Bunker Hill. He published a long essay titled “Historical and Topographical Sketch of Bunker Hill Battle” as an appendix to an 1818 reprint of David Humphreys’s biography of Gen. Israel Putnam.

The battle’s 50th anniversary came in 1825, bringing more interest from the public and more accounts from veterans. Some of those old men came to Charlestown for a public ceremony. Swett used interviews with them and his earlier research to publish Notes to the Sketch of Bunker Hill Battle at the end of 1825, quoting the sources he had used for the earlier essay and more.

Unfortunately for us, Swett didn’t tailor his publications and particularly his quotations around providing a comprehensive picture of the battle. Rather, in his own words, he wrote “for the defence of Gen. Putnam, did he need any.” In 1818 Gen. Henry Dearborn had published an article in The Port Folio basically saying that Putnam had been useless during the battle. This set off years of historiographical (and political) debate. Swett published a lot of evidence favoring Putnam, but he left out other testimony that later historians would have liked to see.

This spring I stumbled across two affidavits that Swett sent to the Boston Daily Advertiser for publication at the end of 1825. He had quoted parts of both in his Notes, and those quotations have been cited by many historians since. But as far as I can tell, scholars haven’t used the other parts of these documents, which offer more details about the battle. So I’m going to quote them in full. (As usual, I’ve added paragraph breaks for easier online reading.)

The first affidavit appeared in the Boston Daily Advertiser on 20 Dec 1825, and in a few other newspapers after that. This was how Swett introduced the source:

Col. JOS[eph]. WHITMORE, of Newburyport, a native of Charlestown, brought up there as an apprentice by Richard Devens, Esq., well known in both those places as a witness of the highest respectability, Aug. 6, 1818, stated before a magistrate, Hon. Eben. Moseley, “that he was a Lieutenant in a company from Newburyport, commanded by Capt. Benj. Perkins, and which was raised and marched to Cambridge soon after Lexington battle.”

Capt. Perkins’s company was evidently assigned to Abraham Watson’s house in Cambridge. Lt. Whitmore’s account:

While their company were at their quarters at ’Squire Watson’s, about a mile from the Colleges, an alarm was given on the 17th, [June] 1775. The company immediately formed, marched to Cambridge, and received orders from Gen. [Artemas] Ward to march to Charlestown. Col. Whitmore thinks the company arrived upon Breed’s Hill between 2 and 3 o’clock.

Soon after the company reached the hill, the British reinforcement landed, formed into columns, and marched up the hill. Col. Whitmore with a part of his company went down to the left of the redoubt, near some trees which were standing, and there received an attack. The British were twice repulsed, but the third time they made the attack with great fury, and drove the Americans from their works.

On the retreat, Col. Whitmore was wounded in his thigh. The Colonel states, that at the very moment he was wounded, Gen. [Joseph] Warren fell, and was within six feet of him.

As it respects Gen. Putnam, Col. Whitmore states, that he knew Gen. Putnam perfectly well, that he was well acquainted with him in the old French war—that he saw General Putnam on Breed’s Hill, when he went on with his company, and also on the retreat, soon after he was wounded, on the side of the hill.

He says, that well knowing Gen. Putnam, and the General knowing him, he said to him, “General, sha’nt we rally again?”

Gen. Putnam said, “yes, as soon as we can—are you wounded?”

Col. Whitmore answered that he was, but thought he should get over it.

Swett quoted Whitmore’s words starting at “with a part of his company…” and ending with “…are you wounded?”

A petition to the Massachusetts government printed in John J. Currier’s 1906 History of Newburyport shows that to “get over it” Whitmore had to go home and receive medical care until 8 August. In March 1776 he asked the General Court to reimburse him for that cost since he hadn’t taken a bed in an army hospital.

TOMORROW: Another voice from Newburyport.

Visit the Upcoming Online Family History Show

The following announcement was written by the organizers of the Online Family History Show:

While, in these unprecedented times, we are not going to be able to meet as usual at York in England during this month for the customary Family History Show at the racecourse, the good news is that we are still going to be able to safely enjoy access to many of the usual features of the show. The Family History Show has announced that it will be coming to you as an online event on the 20th of June featuring a wide range of virtual stalls from family history societies to archives and genealogical suppliers.

The online event gives benefits other than safety, those from distant shores and those that have disabilities that make it difficult to attend, can now visit with relative ease.

The Family History Show – Online will, mirroring the format of the very successful live shows, feature an online lecture theatre, the popular ‘Ask the expert’ area – where you can put questions forward to their specialists – as well as a whole host of stalls where you can ask for advice as well as buy genealogical products.

Q&A Expert Session

Attendees are invited to submit questions via the website and a selection will be put forward to the panel in a multiuser Zoom session that is streamed on a linked video channel for the show.

To make this online experience as useful to family historians as attending the physical show would have been, you can “visit” a stall in the virtual exhibition hall. With over 85 present there will be a wide variety of societies and companies.

Built into the website is the ability to talk to some of the stallholders by text, audio or video from the comfort of your own home. With this facility, you can ask them for advice regarding their family history society/business and also purchase from their online stall various downloadable and physical products to help you with your research.

In the virtual lecture theatre, there will also be the chance to watch talks premiered on the show’s Youtube channel from the same expert lecturers who would have been at the physical event and are on the ‘Ask the Expert’ panel. These presentations will cover a wide variety of family history topics.

Tickets to attend the online Family History Show are available for just £5.50 each. All ticket holders will also receive a digital Goody Bag worth over £10 on the day.

To find out more about The Family History Show – Online, and buy your ticket visit https://thefamilyhistoryshow.com/online/